Three Hierarchs

Today 30 January 2019 we celebrate and honor in the Greek Orthodox Church the Three Hierarchs.

The celebration of the Three Hierarchs started in the 11th century when Constantine III Monomachus reorganized the Law School of Constantinople. At that time there were three Saints who were seen as the Saints of education namely Gregoreios the Theologian, Ioanis Chrysostom and Vasileios the Great. During the reorganization the reorganizers could not decide which one of the Saints to place on top and this resulted in a division of the Christians so the ones were called the Gregorites, the others the Ionanites and others the Vasilites.

Saint Vasileios, Saint Ioanis and Saint Grigoreios

Until John Mavropos, who was then the Metropolitan of Euchaite, had a vision in which he saw the three Saints. They told him that they are equal to eachother and that they can’t be seperated, that between them there is neither the first nor the second, but if you see one, the two others are next to him. So John Mavropos gave orders to stop the quarrels and stop dividing them for they cannot be seperated and so these three Saints became the Three Hierarchs, the three Saints of education and on the day of their celebration all schools are closed.

From the 11th century on you can also see them together on icons and they are honored every year on the 30th of January.

Saint George methystis (‘methao’ means getting drunk)

Yesterday in the early evening I was talking over the phone to a friend of mine when the church bells started sounding, wondering why, he told me that on the 3 of November Saint George methystis is celebrated.  A bit a strange name for a saint as ‘o methystis means’ the drunk one.

I know, the Greeks have a lot of saints, they have more than one saint Georges and even more virgin Maries etc…  The story of this Saint George is quit simple, the 3th of November is the day that the wine barrels are opened as the wine is ready to be consumed and has to be tasted.  The 3th of November is also the celebration day of Saint George and as the Greeks celebrate this day with tasting wine this particular Saint George is called now Saint George the Methystis as a lot of people get drunk on that day So Yamas!

the celebration of the Holy Cross

Every year on the 14th of September the Holy Cross is celebrated in every Orthodox church in Greece.

kruis manolis

On this day the women in the villages cut some branches of the basilicum that they have been growing all summer to bring it to church, where it will be blessed.  The Greeks do this because they believe that Saint Helen found the Cross on a place where a lot of basilicum grew.

In some places people also take water to the church to be blessed, this water then will be used to make the new leaven that will be used to make the leavened bread of the coming year.